Read e-book online A Cognitive Theory of Cultural Meaning PDF

By Claudia Strauss

ISBN-10: 052159409X

ISBN-13: 9780521594097

ISBN-10: 052159541X

ISBN-13: 9780521595414

"Culture" and "meaning" are significant to anthropology, yet anthropologists don't agree on what they're. Claudia Strauss and Naomi Quinn suggest a brand new idea of cultural which means, person who offers precedence to the way in which people's studies are internalized. Drawing on "connectionist" or "neural community" types in addition to different mental theories, they argue that cultural meanings should not fastened or constrained to static teams, yet neither are they always revised or contested. Their process is illustrated through unique examine on understandings of marriage and concepts of luck within the usa.

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Opportunities tend to arise from those weak links with people that we may not know very well, or do not know at all but are a friend of a friend who walks in a different circle or is surrounded by a different cluster of people. If individuals are clustered around the top, then their chances of sinking to the bottom are much lower than for those who occupy the middle. This is not only because of wealth, but also because the network system creates a net of 44 Chapter 2 opportunity to catch familiars.

In many if not most instances, clusters of people develop around income or wealth. 2. Networks of Society afford. If your best friend of many years earns significantly less money than you do, you will probably not dine out together. If that friend cannot afford your recently acquired hobby of golfing, then you are likely to engage in your new favorite activity either alone or in the company of a new set of acquaintances or friends who can afford the equipment and greens fees. This produces a situation that is not unusual but is rarely expressed: economic differences create situations whereby people engage in their favorite activities without the company of their favorite people.

Berger and Luckmann note that “psychologies produce a reality, which, in turn, serves as the basis for their verification” (1967, p. 178). How we think about ourselves is learned, and how we think about ourselves represents the psychological lens through which we interpret our personal experiences. Our personal experiences are interpreted through a psychological vocabulary provided by our particular culture. For example, a person who hears voices that no one else hears may interpret the experience—due to cultural circumstances—as one of being possessed, divine, or delusional.

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A Cognitive Theory of Cultural Meaning by Claudia Strauss

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