By Derek Brewer, Jonathan Gibson
The essays accumulated right here at the Gawain-Poet provide stimulating introductions to Sir Gawain and the golf green Knight, Pearl, Cleanness and endurance, supplying either details and unique research. themes contain theories of authorship; the historic and social history to the poems, with person sections on relatively vital positive factors inside of them; gender roles within the poems; the manuscript itself; the metre, vocabulary and dialect of the poems; and their assets. a bit dedicated to Sir Gawain investigates the tips of courtesy and chivalry came upon inside it, and explores a few of its later variations from the 15th to the 20th centuries. a whole bibliography completes the quantity.
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Extra resources for A companion to the Gawain-poet
The doctrine of chastity, for example, has become almost incomprehensible to recent generations in the West. Chivalry has been decried as licensed brutality: chivalric romance a plot by the upper class to keep the workers down, and so forth. The fabric of modern life is relativist and fragmented. The intrinsic truth of modern values, doctrines and assumptions is not in question here, but rather its applicability to early literature which rests, by contrast, on absolutist and holistic assumptions.
Or we may here rather note how well the symbol of the pentangle, adding its numerological unities to the physical, moral, spiritual qualities, represents the apparently unified worldview natural to the kind of society we are discussing, which is by no means naive, unintellectual, or coarse, despite its fundamentally archaic, holistic quality. Since experience shows that unity is hard to obtain, that one kind of good may be incompatible with another kind of good (courtesy with chastity in some circumstances, for example), there are always tensions.
In Pearl is the paradox of hierarchy that is equality. The uncertainty of closure in both these poems and 3 I am indebted to Dr Sarah Kay of Girton College for Lacanian references. She is not responsible for any incomprehension I may show. Page 9 the profound ambiguity of SGGK deserve recognition. The unnamed seductive Lady, and her formidable aunt, embody, as I have argued elsewhere (Brewer 1980) a powerfully ambiguous female principle. The Green Knight in his baffling greenness and ultimate disappearance may even be said to represent, in a Lacanian or Pickwickian sense a non-significance in the Symbolic order (MacCannell 1986, 125).
A companion to the Gawain-poet by Derek Brewer, Jonathan Gibson